Ïëàíåòàðèé | The Planetarium
On the southern side of the museum one can see the aluminum ellipsoid of the planetarium cut into the museum building and which makes it look especially dynamic.
In the circular planetarium hall there are 100 comfortable seats, globes of Mars, the Earth, the Moon and the starry sky. Here one can see the Sikhote-Alin meteorite weighing 40.5 kg which fell on earth on February 12, 1947 as part of ‘the meteorite downpour’.
Under a 10-meter dome-screen the special starry sky projector ‘Planetarium’ is installed.
In October 1967 the Kaluga planetarium was opened for the public. In the center of the hall on the special elevator the planetarium ‘Venera’ (made by the Japanese company ‘Goto’) had been installed. There were a lot of people wishing to admire the starry sky (over 100,000 visitors a year). Most people (especially those living in cities) cannot see real starry sky because of buildings, street lights, etc. At the end of the day the elevator pulled the equipment down into the shaft.
In the course of time the equipment was changed and in twenty years the Japanese instrument was replaced by the German one called ‘Small Zeiss’, made by German company ‘Karl Zeiss’.
But in two years it was replaced by ‘Middle Zeiss’, which in its technical characteristics suited better the parameters of the hall. It enabled to see 6000 stars up to the 6th stellar magnitude.
Beauty and grandeur of the starry sky cannot be compared with anything. They are supplemented with a detailed picture of the Milky Way and sights of extra-galaxy and gas nebula. Besides, the starry sky at any geographical latitude can be shown.
The additional projectors can reproduce constellation patterns, movement of comets and meteors among stars. The planetarium instrument projects the sun, the moon and the planets. Any real solar eclipse can be reproduced.
‘Copernicus planetarium’ demonstrates the movement of the planets round the sun – the sight of the planetary system from the ecliptic pole. The special projector allows to watch the movement of the four Galilean satellites of Jupiter. In the planetarium you can admire sights of the Earth from space, panoramas of the North Pole and tropics; ‘find oneself on the moon and Mars’.
Lectures in the planetarium differ from all others. Here is what the professor Stremgren, the director of Copenhagen observatory, wrote about planetariums: ”This is school, the theater and the cinema at the same time, the school classroom under the firmament, and the performance in which celestial bodies are actors…”
Really, people coming to the planetarium do not only learn about the Earth and the Universe but also get emotionally charged. That is done through the use of special planetarium effects and background music.
The lecture, which is the most popular with visitors coming from other towns and cities, is named “Under the planetarium sky”. The Kaluga planetarium offers its visitors most diverse lectures: popular science lectures, educational lectures and lectures for children.
The popular science lectures are not only to contain scientific information but also to develop listeners’ cognitive interest:
- “Thinking Universe”,
- “These mysterious tailed stars”,
- “Planets discovered anew”,
- “The star named the Sun”,
- “Mysteries of the Red Planet”,
- “We and the Sun”,
- “Poetic Universe”,
- “Star downpours”,
- “The sky in the daytime and at night”,
- “Mysterious Universe”,
- “Myths and legends of the starry sky”,
- “Our Galaxy”, etc.
The planetarium also offers some music-poetic performances, such as “Seasons” in which poems by A.L.Chizevsky are recited, and “Space through the eyes of artists”, “I’ll never be tired of glorifying you, stars”, where one can hear poems by I.Bunin recited.
Lectures for children. In the last few years, children, preschoolers and schoolchildren of different age groups, have made up the greater part of visitors to the planetarium. Preschoolers and elementary schoolchildren are familiarized with celestial bodies and astronomical phenomena in the form of a fairy-tale. There has appeared a new kind of a planetarium show with music and lots of colorful slides:
- “The planetarium-magician”,
- “Where has the sun disappeared?”,
- “Adventures of the boys in space”,
- “Space adventures of the small ant”,
- “Sipsik flies to the moon”,
- “Space race ‘Just you wait’”,
- “Mischievous Moon”,
- “Planet of fairy-tales”,
- “Starry fairy-tale”,
- “First space travelers”, etc.
Educational lectures are supposed to facilitate learning about the world around, to help mastering some complex notions with the aid of the planetarium artificial starry sky and natural phenomena taking place on it.
A short educational lecture contains extensive information. A series of lectures realizes a systematic approach to learning about the Earth and the Universe, aims at forming space thinking with schoolchildren. The series of lectures on astronomy, natural science and natural history help make these school subjects more interesting to learn.
Lectures on natural science:
- “Starry sky”,
- “The ABC of astronomy”,
- “Movement of the Earth”,
- “Pranks of the Moon”,
- “Searching for the planet’,
- “Russia’s nature zones”.
Lectures on natural history:
- “On the Earth and the sky”,
- “The adventures of the small bear Tishka”,
- “The calendar of the tomtit”,
- “The adventures of the water drop”,
- “Your planet”,
- “In the land of Nastya’s fantasies”,
- “Conquering the air”,
- “In your home land”,
- “Live barometers, clocks and compasses in nature”,
- “Cherish and treasure nature”.
Lectures on astronomy
- “Basics of spherical astronomy”,
- “Movement of celestial bodies”,
- “The Earth-Moon system”,
- ”How astronomers study the Universe”,
- “Planets of the Solar System”,
- “Small celestial bodies. Cosmogony”,
- “The sun and we”,
- “Evolution of stars”,
- “Structure of the Universe”,
- “The problem of search of extra-terrestrial intelligence”.
People from different Russian towns and cities enjoy shows in the Kaluga planetarium. It is very popular with Moscow dwellers who can compare it with the Moscow planetarium.
You are welcome to visit our cosy fairy planetarium!